HOW TO SAVE.
WASTE OF FOOD MEANS LOSS TO THE NATION.
Every scrap of food that is wasted, therefore, means a dead loss to the country in money, ships, and men. If spread over a year it would be found that millions of pounds had been absolutely lost in this way, and that many ships and men had been making useless voyages when they were so badly needed by the country for other work.
If all the food that is now being wasted could henceforth be saved and properly used, the country would have more spare money; more spare ships, and more spare men to devote to the war; each family would have more money to save and invest, and the prices of food materials would be kept down.
EAT LESS MEAT.There is another side of the food question in which every one of us can help to strengthen the position of our country in the face of the enemy.
We can consume less of certain foods which are more difficult to obtain in full quantities in war time, and which, therefore, rise in price. In the case of some of these—meat, for example—we can replace them, in part at any rate, by other food materials which are cheaper and more plentiful.
In ordinary times we get about half the meat which is consumed in this country from abroad. This is carried frozen in ships which have to be specially built for the purpose, and are, therefore, limited in number. Since the war began these ships have had to carry meat not only for our civil population and our Army, but also for the French Army. It has, therefore, been a difficult task to keep up the foreign meat supply, and some shortage of this must be expected to continue. It is this shortage which has raised the price of meat, and may lead to our cows, which should be kept for milk, being killed for meat. This shortage of meat would disappear, the price of meat would fall, and our milk supply would no longer be threatened, if everyone were to eat less meat than they have been accustomed to, especially during the summer and autumn months. Most people would not suffer in the least in health or strength by so doing, especially if they were to include in their diet a fair proportion of food which can supply the same kind of nourishment as meat.
Cheese is one of the best and most useful substitutes for meat. Weight for weight it contains more of this particular kind of nourishment than meat itself. Milk and skim milk also contain this form of nourishment in a high degree.
Peas, beans, and lentils also contain these properties, and after thorough cooking should be freely used where the amount of meat in the diet is reduced.
USE STALE BREAD.It is on bread that most of us rely for our main nourishment. Four-fifths of the wheat from which bread is made comes from abroad. Bread is the article which is most commonly wasted of all our food materials, and it is the one which the circumstances of this war require to be most carefully husbanded.
There are two ways in which bread can be economised without any real stint: —
1. By using every crust and crumb of it for food and throwing none of it away.
2. By only using bread which is at least twenty-four hours old.
Fresh bread is not so easily digested as bread which is a day old. The latter is more satisfying and less of it needs to be eaten.
THE DRINK BILL.
[Feeding everyone - the civilian population and the armed forces - was already becoming difficult, and would become much more difficult as the war went on.
It's interesting that the article warns against eating fresh bread - I remember that when I was a child, fresh bread was thought to be very indigestible. Fortunately my mother didn't apparently believe that - one of my earliest memories is eating the end off a fresh loaf while coming home from the shops with her. And then at home she would tear off the top crust (it was a tin loaf, so the top crust was the brownest bit) and spreading it liberally with butter for me and my sister.]